The Coloniality of Scientific Knowledge
Keywords:University, Science, Epistemology, Culture
AbstractThe university is a training space that works on three main fronts: teaching, research and extension. Despite the production of knowledge being generated in different ways among these three dimensions, scientific development has historically been based on specific perspectives and definitions of what science is. This essay aims to present the fundamentals of two characteristic elements of scientific knowledge, method and rationality, and their form of cultural imposition, especially in scientific production. To accomplish this, the contributions of René Descartes and Immanuel Kant on the importance of the method and the use of reason for the development of science were used. Then, discussions by Boaventura de Souza Santos and Jean-Marc Ela on this model of science and the exclusion of other forms of knowledge were considered. The proposals by Antonio Joaquim Severino and Manuel Tavares regarding decoloniality in Latin American universities were also included. We conclude that the university plays a collaborative role with coloniality, as it imposes and disseminates only knowledge that is considered legitimate by Western standards. It is necessary, therefore, to reflect on their actions, conceptions and proposals to carry out critical awareness and include the epistemological diversity that exists in society.
Brasil. (1996). Lei nº 9394, de 20 de dezembro de 1996. Estabelece as diretrizes e bases da educação nacional. Disponível em: http://www.planalto.gov.br/ccivil_03/leis/l9394.htm Acesso em: julho de 2021.
Descartes, R. (1996). Discurso sobre o método. Martins Fontes.
Ela, J-M. (2015). O conceito de ciência na história das ideias. In:______. Investigação científica e crise da racionalidade. (pp. 11-50). Edições Molemba.
Fonseca, R. M. (set./out. 2018). Democracia e acesso à universidade no Brasil: um balanço da história recente (1995-2017). Educar em Revista, v. 34, n. 71, p. 299-307, Disponível em: http://www.scielo.br/pdf/er/v34n71/0104-4060-er-34-71-299.pdf Acesso em: novembro de 2019.
Kant, I. (2010). Resposta à pergunta: que é esclarecimento? In: Immanuel Kant –Textos Seletos. (pp 63-71) (4ª Ed ) Ed. Vozes.
Marconi, M. de A., & Lakatos, E. M. (2013). Fundamentos de metodologia científica. Atlas.
Severino, A. J. (2013). Metodologia do trabalho científico. Cortez.
Severino, A. J., & TAVARES, M. (2020). Por um projeto insurgente e resistente de decolonialidade da universidade latino-americana. Revista Lusófona de Educação, v. 48, n.48, p. 99-116. Disponível em: https://revistas.ulusofona.pt/index.php/rleducacao/article/view/7319 Acesso em: julho de 2021.
Santos, B. S. (2007). Para além do pensamento abissal: das linhas globais a uma ecologia dos saberes. Novos Estudos, no. 79, p. 71-94, nov. Disponível em: https://www.scielo.br/j/nec/a/ytPjkXXYbTRxnJ7THFDBrgc/?lang=pt Acesso em: junho de 2021.
Copyright (c) 2023 Hellen Cristina Mattos
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.The BRAJETS follows the policy for Open Access Journals, provides immediate and free access to its content, following the principle that making scientific knowledge freely available to the public supports a greater global exchange of knowledge and provides more international democratization of knowledge. Therefore, no fees apply, whether for submission, evaluation, publication, viewing or downloading of articles. In this sense, the authors who publish in this journal agree with the following terms: A) The authors retain the copyright and grant the journal the right to first publication, with the work simultaneously licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY), allowing the sharing of the work with recognition of the authorship of the work and initial publication in this journal. B) Authors are authorized to distribute non-exclusively the version of the work published in this journal (eg, publish in the institutional and non-institutional repository, as well as a book chapter), with acknowledgment of authorship and initial publication in this journal. C) Authors are encouraged to publish and distribute their work online (eg, online repositories or on their personal page), as well as to increase the impact and citation of the published work.