Investigating the effects of colonialism on the performance of the colonized people by studying a song of ice and fire in and the lord of the rings


  • Hadiseh Alishiri
  • Hossein Moradi Assistant Professor of English Literature, Department of Literature and Foreign Languages, Karaj Branch, Islamic Azad University, Karaj, Iran



Semiotics, Colonialism, Song of Ice and Fire, The Lord of the Rings, Hall’s theory


In this study, A Song of Ice and Fire in and The Lord of the Rings will be examined by employing Hall’s notion of diaspora and hybridity in an attempt to show how colonialism has affected the colonized people and their sense of place, what their reactions have been, and how colonial and post-colonial identities have been constructed. The most important contribution of this study is to give a new analysis of the series. There have been several readings and analyses on this series from different perspectives including the role of love, linguistic features, narration, morality, magic, cultural value and psychology. However, cultural identity and diaspora on the series from Hall’s theory have been ignored. As a result, this paper can provide influential result on post-colonial criticism and Hall’s theory that are applied to series. Moreover, the use of fantasy genre is significant in this dissertation since the real world is what perceived and observed by human psyche, and later the reality is processed, distorted, and transformed into fantasy genre to amplify the whole effects of the themes that are discussed. The genre of fantasy which is selected here depicts the reality of mentality and conditions of the postmodern world.


Appiah, K.A. (2005), The Ethics of Identity. New Jersey: Princeton University.

Barker, C. (2004), The SAGE Dictionary of Cultural Studies. London Thousand Oaks New Delhi: SAGE Publications.

Brah, A. (1996). The Homing of Diaspora, the Diasporising of Home. Cartographies of Diaspora, pp. 190-194. Routledge.

Burns, M. (2005). Perilous Realms: Celtic and Norse in Tolkien’s Middle-earth. University of Toronto Press.

Cardenas, C. A. (2023). Rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS): Insights into Epidemiology, Molecular Classification, Therapeutic Advances, and Future Directions. Sci Set J of Pediatrics 1 (3), 01-04.

Carpenter, H. J.R.R. (2014), Tolkien: A Biography. Houghton Mifflin Court, 2014.

Cole, M. (2012). Art Imitates War: Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder in A Song of Ice and Fire”. Beyond the Wall: Exploring George R.R. Martin’s A Song of Ice and Fire, From a Game of Thrones to A Dance with Dragons. Ed. James Lowder. Dallas, Texas: BenBella Books, Inc.

Fuchs, C. (2023). A Marxist-Humanist perspective on Stuart Hall’s communication theory. Theory and Society, 1-35.

George, R. (1996), The Politics of Home: Postcolonial Relocations and Twentieth-century Fiction. Cambridge University Press.

Gilman, L. (2007). The Fanatic: Philip Roth and Hanif Kureishi Confront Success. Comparative Literature 58.2, pp. 153-169. <>.

Jamalpour, H., & Derabi, J. Y. (2023). Aesthetic Experience, Neurology and Cultural Memory. Passagens: Revista Internacional de História Política e Cultura Jurídica, 340-348.

Jamalpour, H., & Yaghoobi-Derabi, J. (2022). Cultural memory and neuro-critical reading of Ian McEwan's atonement. Revista de Investigaciones Universidad del Quindío, 34(S2), 436-442.

Nodar, S. R., Salazar, S., Cárdenas, C., & Yllán, V. G. (2022). Testicular Tumor in Children: A Rare Case Report. Current Practice in Medical Science Vol. 9, 25-34.

Procter, J. (2004). Stuart Hall. London and New York: Routledge.

Shippey, Tom A. (2003). The Road to Middle-Earth: How J. R. R. Tolkien Created a New Mythology. Houghton Mifflin Company.

Steiner, D. L. (2022). Big Enough to Matter, Small Enough to Achieve: A Case Study of Advancing Women Professionals and the Jewish Community (Awp), 2001–2015 (Doctoral dissertation, New York University).

Tolkien, J.R.R., Carpenter H., Tolkien C. (1981), The Letters of J.R.R. Tolkien. Allen & Unwin.

Tolkien, J.R.R., Tolkien C. (1999), Silmarillion. Harper Collins.

Angela M. (2023). Re-framing and fracturing Caribbean-Canadian diasporas through a self-reflexive lens: Identity and aesthetics in Coconut/Cane & Cutlass and Blu in You. Journal for the Study of Indentureship and its Legacies, 3(1), 37-58.






Novel approaches in education, society and culture development