MODEL OF PARTICLES AND THE CONCEPTUAL REFORMULATION OF THE ATOMIC MODEL THROUGH A TEACHING UNIT RETURNED TO TEACHERS OF SCIENCE

Ione dos Santos Canabarro Araujo, José Vicente Lima Robaina

Abstract


. This paper reports the experience of a Didactic Unit (UD) on the Standard Particle Model starting from the limitations of classical physics to explain beta radioactive decay. The work was applied in a bachelor's degree in Nature Sciences: Biology and Chemistry Habilitation (LCN) of the Federal Institute of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre campus, in the last semester of the course. This work aimed to identify the possibilities and operationalities of a UD to work with topics of Modern Physics among science teachers. The specific objectives were to verify the limitations of classical physics to explain certain types of radiation and the need of modern physics to aid in understanding; to familiarize science teachers with models and concepts of Modern Physics. This is a qualitative research, according to Minayo (1993). The data were collected through the researcher's field diary, questionnaires with open questions, mental maps and works developed by the students (called teachers due to graduation proximity proximity). The data were analyzed through Content Analysis, according to Bardin (2011). From the collected data, we can see evidence that the concept of the current atomic model has been reformulated, according to Eisberg and Resnick (1988), that is, the atom is formed by Leptons, hadrons and force-mediating particles, called bosons. The understanding of the current atomic model and of the forces mediating particles has provided theoretical background and clarity for teachers to explain the radiation of nuclear origin and the operation of equipment that perform diagnostic imaging.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.14571/brajets.v12.n2.120-126



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