Fake news: a comprehensive and interdisciplinary survey


  • Ederval Pablo Ferreira da Cruz Universidade Estadual do Norte Fluminense http://orcid.org/0000-0002-8545-9990
  • Rodolfo Moura Pereira Universidade Estadual do Norte Fluminense
  • Gilberto Mazoco Jubini Universidade Estadual do Norte Fluminense
  • Lucas Capita Quarto Universidade Estadual do Norte Fluminense
  • Carlos Henrique Medeiros de Souza Universidade Estadual do Norte Fluminense




Creating fake news for the purpose of manipulating someone or a group of people has historically not been new. However, in recent years, the creation of fake news, or known worldwide as fake news, has intensified and its spread has been increasingly accelerated. In addition, the level of complexity in detecting this fake news has also increased significantly with deepfakes. This has attracted the attention of the scientific community, showing that it is a very relevant research topic, given its impacts on global society. This work consists as a first paper in Portuguese, of an interdisciplinary literature review involving fake news and deepfakes, where concepts, their classifications, ways of propagation and the relationship between fake news and deepfakes in different areas of knowledge are presented. The results show that the definitive solution is far from being reached and there is still much to be done in search of an end or minimizing the impacts caused by fake news and deepfakes on society as a whole.


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